Archive for category GIT

git revert local and remote push

Revert the full commit
Sometimes you may want to undo a whole commit with all changes. Instead of going through all the changes manually, you can simply tell git to revert a commit, which does not even have to be the last one. Reverting a commit means to create a new commit that undoes all changes that were made in the bad commit. Just like above, the bad commit remains there, but it no longer affects the the current master and any future commits on top of it.

git revert {commit_id}’

About History Rewriting
Delete the last commit
Deleting the last commit is the easiest case. Let’s say we have a remote origin with branch master that currently points to commit dd61ab32. We want to remove the top commit. Translated to git terminology, we want to force the master branch of the origin remote repository to the parent of dd61ab32:

git push origin +dd61ab32^:master
Where git interprets x^ as the parent of x and + as a forced non-fastforward push. If you have the master branch checked out locally, you can also do it in two simpler steps: First reset the branch to the parent of the current commit, then force-push it to the remote.

git reset HEAD^ –hard

git push origin -f


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Adding an existing project to GitHub

Adding an existing project to GitHub using the command line
Putting your existing work on GitHub can let you share and collaborate in lots of great ways.

If you are migrating your project from CodePlex, read the migration guide for more information.

Tip: If you’re most comfortable with a point-and-click user interface, try adding your project with GitHub Desktop. For more information, see “Adding a repository from your local computer to GitHub Desktop” in the GitHub Desktop Help.

Warning: Never git add, commit, or push sensitive information to a remote repository. Sensitive information can include, but is not limited to:

SSH keys
AWS access keys
API keys
Credit card numbers
PIN numbers
For more information, see “Removing sensitive data from a repository.”

Create New Repository drop-downCreate a new repository on GitHub.
To avoid errors, do not initialize the new repository with README, license, or gitignore files. You can add these files after your project has been pushed to GitHub.
Open Git Bash.

Change the current working directory to your local project.

Initialize the local directory as a Git repository.

git init
Add the files in your new local repository. This stages them for the first commit.

git add .

# Adds the files in the local repository and stages them for commit. To unstage a file, use ‘git reset HEAD YOUR-FILE’.

Commit the files that you’ve staged in your local repository.

git commit -m “First commit”
# Commits the tracked changes and prepares them to be pushed to a remote repository. To remove this commit and modify the file, use ‘git reset –soft HEAD~1’ and commit and add the file again.
Copy remote repository URL fieldAt the top of your GitHub repository’s Quick Setup page, click to copy the remote repository URL.

In the Command prompt, add the URL for the remote repository where your local repository will be pushed.

git remote add origin remote repository URL
# Sets the new remote
git remote -v
# Verifies the new remote URL
Push the changes in your local repository to GitHub.

git push origin master
# Pushes the changes in your local repository up to the remote repository you specified as the origin

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How to remove local untracked files from the current Git branch


Well, the short answer as per the Git Documents is git clean

If you want to see which files will be deleted you can use the -n option before you run the actual command:

git clean -n

Then when you are comfortable (because it will delete the files for real!) use the -f option:

git clean -f

Here are some more options for you to delete directories, files, ignored and non-ignored files

  • To remove directories, run git clean -f -d or git clean -fd
  • To remove ignored files, run git clean -f -X or git clean -fX
  • To remove ignored and non-ignored files, run git clean -f -x or git clean -fx


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